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2018-2019年高中英语山西高考精品试卷【91】含答案考点及解析


2018-2019 年高中英语山西高考精品试卷【91】含答案考点 及解析

班级:___________ 姓名:___________ 分数:___________

题号 一















得分 注意事项:

1.答题前填写好自己的姓名、班级、考号等信息

2.请将答案正确填写在答题卡上

总分

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一、单项选择

1.--- I haven’t got the reference book yet, but I will have a test on the subject next month.

--- Don’t worry. You ________ have it by Thursday.

A.could

B.may

C.shall

D.must

【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:考查情态动词;could 表示推测,可能;may 表推测,也许;must 表肯定的推测, 一定,还有必须的意思;shall 用于主语是第二第三人称,表示命令,警告,允诺等语气,这 里应该是用于主语第二人称表允诺的意思。句意::----到现在我也没有得到参考书,而我下 个月就要参加这个科目的测试了。---不要担心,到这个周四为止你会有的。故选 C

考点:考查情态动词

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二、完形填空

2.Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with word or phrases that best fits the context.
When other nine-year-old kids were playing games, she was working at a petrol station. When other teens were studying or going out, she struggled to find a place to sleep on the street. But she overcame these terrible setbacks to win a highly competitive scholarship and gained 36___ to Harvard University. And her 37___story has inspired a movie, Homeless to Harvard: The Tony Morrison Story 38___ in late April.
Tony Morrison, a 22-year-old American girl, has been writing a real-life story of willpower and determination. Tony grew up in the 39___of two drug-addicted parents. There was never enough food or warm clothes in the house. Tony was the only member of the family who had a job. Her mother had AIDS and died when Tony was just 15 years old. The effect of that loss 40___ a turning point in her life. Connecting the environment in which she had grown up with how her mother had

died, she decided to do something about it. Tony went back to school. She 41___ herself into her studies, never telling her teachers that she was homeless. At night, she slept on the streets.

“What drove me to survive had 42___to do with understanding, by understanding that there was a whole other way of being. I had only experienced a small part of the society,” she wrote in her book Breaking Night. She admitted that she used envy to drive herself on. She used the benefits that came easily to others, such as a safe living environment, 43___ herself that “next to nothing could hold me 44___”. She finished high school in just two years and won a full scholarship to study at Harvard University.

But Tony decided to leave her top university for a couple of months earlier this year in order to take care of her 45___, who has also developed AIDS. “I love my parents so much. They are drug addicts. But I never forget that they love me 46___.” Tony wants moviegoers to go away with the idea that changing your 47___ is “as simple as making a decision”.

36. A. permission B. entry

C. honor

D. confidence

37. A. puzzled

B. puzzling

C. amazing

D. amazed

38. A. published

B. appeared C. sold

D. shown

39. A. charge

B. face

C. middle

D. shadow

40. A. lay in

B. led to

C. referred to D. stuck to

41. A. threw

B. put

C. devoted D. concentrated

42. A. nothing

B. everything

C. something D. anything

43. A. to encourage

B. to control C. to persuade D. to believe

44. A. up

B. down

C. off

D. back

45. A. mother

B. sister

C. father

D. brother

46. A. once in a while

B. time and time again

C. at the same time

D. all the time

47. A. life

B. university

C. way

D. family

【答案】36-47 BCDDB ACABC DA

【解析】略

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三、阅读理解

3.
第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该选项涂黑。

A

The Greenbelt, a wide belt of open land around the cities and towns of the San Francisco Bay Area, includes about 3.75 million of the Bay Area’s 4.5 million acres. The Bay Area Greenbelt is one of the largest areas of open land in any U.S. urban area. Open land is land that has few buildings and lots of natural areas. The Greenbelt’s open land includes parks, forests, beaches, and more than 8,500 farms.

What are the advantages of the Greenbelt?

The Greenbelt has many advantages for people in the Bay Area, which include:

walking and biking areas close to the cities and towns;

places for wild plants and animals;

cleaner air and water; and

income from farms.

Is the Greenbelt in danger?

Five hundred seventy thousand acres of the Greenbelt are in danger. There are builders who want to build suburbs on them. If those acres become suburbs, many things will change:

the urban and suburban area will almost double;

many farms will disappear;

traffic will become worse; and

the air will become dirtier.

What is Greenbelt Alliance (联盟)?

Greenbelt Alliance, an organization that saves land in the San Francisco Bay Area, works alone and with other groups to save the Greenbelt in four ways:

Try to persuade people to build new buildings on land that is already urban, not on open land.

Make sure that the city and town governments are all making plans to save the Greenbelt.

Help Bay Area towns and cities to buy pieces of open land to make into natural areas.

Teach people in the Bay Area why the Greenbelt is important and what they can do to help save it.

46. What can we learn about the Greenbelt from the first paragraph?

A. The Greenbelt is the largest open land in the United States.

B. The Greenbelt covers much more than half of the Bay Area.

C. There are few farms on the open land of the Greenbelt.

D. There are more than 8,500 natural areas on the Greenbelt.

47. One of the advantages of the Greenbelt for people in the Bay Area is __________.

A. convenience for exercise

B. income from sightseeing

C. cleaner city streets

D. more plants and animals

48. The Greenbelt is in danger because __________.

A. traffic is getting worse

B. some plan to build suburbs on it

C. the suburban area has doubled D. pollution is becoming serious

49. Which of the following is TRUE about Greenbelt Alliance?

A. It builds new buildings on open land.

B. It buys large open land for the Bay Area.

C. It educates people how to save the Greenbelt.

D. It helps the city governments make plans.

【答案】

46---49 BABC

【解析】略

4.There was once a beautiful nymph called Echo. But Echo had one failing; she was fond of talking, and whether in chat or argument, would have the last word. As she was good company , she and Zeus became good friends. However,Zeus’ wife, Hera, became jealous. She followed Zeus to the earth to find out what he was doing and Zeus asked Echo to distract Hera until he could escape. Later when Hera discovered she had been tricked, she became very angry. She turned on Echo and said, “You shall lose the use of your tongue because you cheated me. You’ll have the last word, bur no longer have the power to speak first.” So from that moment on, Beautiful Echo was hardly able to hold a conversation because she could only repeat the last words of those around her. She became very embarrassed and hid herself deep in the woods.

One day a handsome young man called Narcissus came into the woods. He had been hunting deer and lost his way. However, the moment Echo saw him, she fell in love with him. She followed him, wishing to tell him but unable o begin a conversation. Oh, how she wished she could speak first. Unfortunately, Narcissus was far too busy worrying about where his companions might be and how he could find his way home.

Eventually Narcissus, with Echo following behind along, came to a pool of water in the middle of the woods. Feeling thirsty, Narcissus bent down to drink. As he did so, he saw a beautiful creature in the water staring up at him. . He immediately bent over and said to him, “I love you!” Echo, nearby, and seeing her chance, immediately responded “…. I love you!” But it was too late. Narcissus was already in love, with himself.

` The stranger seemed to rise up closer to Narcissus who was so involved that he entirely failed to notice Echo. “I want to stay and look at this beautiful sight forever,” he whispered dreamily to himself.”… Forever,” repeated Echo sadly. “Come her,” called Narcissus to his reflection as he moved his head and the creature seemed to move away. “…Here.” responded Echo. Narcissus bent back down to see his reflection more clearly. “So beautiful! I’ve never seen anything so beautiful!” “….So beautiful!” responded Echo truthfully.

Narcissus remained by the water refusing all Echo’s silent offers of food and drink until he died. Where he had been, a flower grew in his place, as beautiful as Narcissus himself. As for Echo, from that time forward, she also didn’t eat or drink till she turned to rocks and all that was left was her

voice. Even now you can still hear Echo trying to attract Narcissus’ attention by repeating his words and still see Narcissus as a beautiful flower growing near a pool.

63. Why was Echo unable to let Narcissus know she loved him?

A. Because she had lost the ability to speak. B. Because she was too shy to speak first.

C. Because Hera had taken away her ability to speak first.

D. Because Narcissus took no notice of her.

64. “The stranger” in paragraph 4 refers to ______.

A. Echo B. A fairy in the woods. C. Hera. D. Narcissus himself.

65. Which of the following kinds of person can be described as a “Narcissus”?

A. A person who loves and admires himself or herself.

B. A person who’s afraid of being separated from companions.

C. A person who is too shy to have a chat with other people.

D. A person who loves to admire beautiful water flowers.

66. Which of the following is the correct order of the events?

a) Hera wouldn’t let Echo start a conversation.

b) Narcissus fell in love with his reflection in the water.

c) Echo saw Narcissus and fell in love at the first sight.

d) Echo distracted Hera to help Zeus escape.

e) Narcissus became a flower and Echo a rock.

A. a-b-c-d-e B. d-a-c-b-e C. d-a-b-c-e D. c-d-a-b-e

67. What’s the best title of this passage?

A. Echo’s sacrifice.

B. Echo and Hera.

C. Echo and Narcissus. 【答案】63-67 CDABC

D. Narcissus’s self-love.

【解析】略

5.

B

London Underground

The world’s first subway was built in London in 1863. At the time, the government was looking for a way to reduce traffic problems in the city of London. The poor areas of the city were so crowded with people that it was almost impossible for horse carriages to get through. The city officials were interested in trying to make it possible for workers to live outside of London and travel easily to

work each day. If people had a cheap and convenient way that they could depend on to go to and from work, they would relocate their homes outside of the city. This would help ease(减轻) the pressure of too many people living in the poor parts of London. From these problems, the idea of the London Underground, the first subway system was born.

The plans for building the Underground met with several problems and delays, but the fast track was finally opened in January 1863. A steam train pulled the cars along the fast underground track which was 6 kilometers (3. 7 miles) long. About 30,000 people got on the subway the first day. Riders were treated to comfortable seats (standing up while the train was moving was not allowed), and pleasant decorations inside each of the cars. However, the smoke from the engine soon filled the air in the tunnels with ash and soot(煤灰), as well as chemical gases. Fans had to be put in the tunnels later to keep the air clean enough for people to breathe. Even with its problems, riding in the Underground did catch on. It carried 9 million riders in its first year.

50. What led the British government to build the London Underground?

A. Traffic jams and pollution. B. Population and pollution.

C. Overcrowding and traffic jams. D. The poverty and subway problems.

51. How did the London Underground solve the smoke problem?

A. It made the tunnels larger.

B. It put fans in the tunnels.

C. It cleaned the chemical gases in the tunnels.

D. It reduced the number of passengers riding in the train.

52. The underlined phrase “catch on” most probably means “______”.

A. be troublesome

B. become popular and fashionable

C. keep up with

D. seize

53. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. To relocate the workers’ homes outside London,the government built the subway.

B. There were so many problems and delays that in 18th century the first subway opened.

C. The subway greatly eased the pressure of traffic.

D. There were not enough seats for the passengers the first day the subway opened.

【答案】

50---53 CBBC

【解析】略

In 1959, when Jean Harper was in the third grade, her teacher gave the class an assignment to write a report on what they wanted to be when they grew up. She poured her heart into her report and expressed her dream of becoming an airline pilot. Her paper came back with an "F" on it. The teacher told her it was a "fairy tale". Jean was heartbroken and ashamed. As the years went by, Jean was beaten down by the discouragement and negativity she encountered whenever she

talked about her dream. "Girls can't become airline pilots; never have, never will. You're crazy. That's impossible. "Finally Jean gave up.

In her senior year of high school, her English teacher was a Mrs. Dorothy Slaton, a demanding teacher with high standards. One day Mrs. Slaton asked this question: "If you had unlimited finances, unlimited access to the finest schools, unlimited talents and abilities, what would you do?" Jean felt a rush of the old enthusiasm, and with excitement she wrote down the very old dream.

The next thing that Mrs. Slaton said changed the course of Jean's life. The teacher leaned forward over her desk and said, "I have a little secret for you. You do have unlimited abilities and talents. When you leave school, if you don't go for your dreams, no one will do it for you. You can have what you want if you want it enough."

The hurt and fear of years of discouragement disappeared all of a sudden. Jean felt thrilled and told her about her dream of becoming a pilot. Mrs. Slaton slapped the desk top. "Then do it!" she said.

So Jean did. It didn't happen overnight. In her l0 years of hard work, even facing varieties of laugh, frustration and opposition, she never gave up her dream. Instead, she went on doing everything her third-grade teacher said was fairy-tale.

Eventually, Jean Harper became a Boeing 737 captain for the United Airline Company.

6.Jean’s third-grade teacher thought her dream to be ____________.

A.great C.challenging

B.impossible D.reasonable

7.Mrs. Slaton may hold the view that _____________.

A.only some of her students have great potential B.her students are good enough to be admitted to the best schools C.belief contributes to realizing a dream D.Jean was to have her dream realized

8.According to the passage, we can infer that___________.

A.Jean’s dream was always in her deep heart B.Jean owed her success to all her teachers C.most people around Jean approved of her dream D.Jean achieved her dream with ease

9.Which is the best title of the passage?

A.A Respectable Teacher C.Hard Work Pays off

B.How to Realize a Dream D.Reach for the Sky

【答案】

6.B

7.C

8.A

9.D

【解析】
试题分析: Jean 在三年级,老师让他们写下理想,Jean 写了想要成为飞行员,然而老师却说 他的梦想是不切实际的。后来 Jean 是怎样努力实现梦想的呢?
6.B 推理判断题。由“The teacher told her it was a "fairy tale".”可知,当时她的老师认为这是一 个神话,因此是“不可能的”。 Great 伟大的;impossible 不可能的;challenging 挑战的; reasonable 合理的。故选 B。
7.C 推理判断题。斯莱顿老师的问题和后来与琼的对话可以看出,她鼓励琼去实现自己的梦 想,如果自己不努力,自己的梦想没有人会帮自己实现的。所以他应该会同意”信仰有助于实 现梦想“这句话。故选 C。
8.A 推理判断题。由“Jean felt a rush of the old enthusiasm, and with excitement she wrote down the very old dream.” 可知,琼一直把这个梦想压在心底,所以是“old dream”。并且之后他一 直在坚持自己的梦想,10 年间一直在想这个方向努力。故选 A。
9.D。主旨大意题。文章主要写了琼受到鼓舞努力实现自己成为飞行员的梦想的故事。因此 “触及天空”最为贴切“飞行”的主题。故选 D。
考点:考查人物类短文阅读。

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四、单词拼写

10.第 II 卷(非选择题共 55 分) 第三部分:写作(共三节,满分 55 分) 单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释, 在句子右边的横线上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式. (每空只写 一词) 66. Excuseme,whereisthe_________(入口处)tothecinema ? 67. Sorryto _________ (打断) you, butyourmotheriswaitingforyououtside. 68. Theleavesofcertaintreesare ___________(有毒的) tocattle. 69. They ______ (广告) thattheyhadausedcarforsale. 70.The ___________ (家具)inyourroomlooksnewatthefirstsight. 71. It was a relief that the patient was ________(稍微)better. 72. Wemadea __________(航海) acrossthePacificbyship. 73. Asisknown, 90% oftheenginesinourcountryare ________(出口) toEurope. 74.Infamilylife,loveisthemusicthatbrings__________(和谐). 75. Bricks, sand, glassandsoonarebuilding ____________ (材料).

【答案】
66.entrance 67.interrupt 68.poisonous 69.advertised 70.furniture 71.slightly 72.voyage 73. exported 74.harmony 75.materials
【解析】略

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五、短文改错

11.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并 在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\))划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词;
2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
I will share with you a true story happened a couple of days ago. One of my classmate bought a bag of snacks from a food store. A few roommates were then invited to enjoy snacks. Unluckily, all of them got poisoned and had stomachache with our faces pale. They are quickly sent to a nearby hospital. Doctors examined them but gave them some medicine. They were out of danger soon before taking the medicine. This accident should make us to realize the seriousness of the food safety problem. I strong suggest that the whole society pays more attention for food safety.
【答案】

【解析】 略 评卷人 得 分

六、阅读填空

12.If we agree that the function of education is to prepare us for life, then there is very little time to waste. So, while we can, we ought to concentrate 48. ________ teaching children something really useful.
Politeness is a mark of civilization. 49. _________ sooner children learn this, the better. In any case, a lot can be accomplished by a smile and good manners.

Like it or not, our adult lives will be consumed by the struggle for money, but we don’t make an effort to teach children 50. __________ to mange it. So our schools have a duty to teach them this ability from the beginning.
Children should learn to take care 51. ________their health. They should know that 52. ________they eat junk food, they will become fat and unhealthy. They should be very clear about 53._________ will happen to their bodies when they smoke or drink.
All of 54___________ are part of society. We have rights and responsibilities. We have to know a little bit of our history and geography, because we need to have an environment in which to relate to the people around us. Our school should spend every moment they have telling this to our children: “This is life, this is what you are going to face,55 ________ this is how you deal with it. 【答案】
【小题 1】 on
【小题 2】The
【小题 3】how
【小题 4】of
【小题 5】if
【小题 6】what
【小题 7】us
【小题 8】 and
【解析】
【小题 1】固定词组 concentrate on 注意力集中于…
【小题 2】固定句型:the 比较级…,the 比较级…意为:越…越…
【小题 3】how to manage it 作为 teach 的宾语。指教会他们如何处理好这件事。
【小题 4】固定词组 take care of 照顾。
【小题 5】条件句。句意:如果他们吃垃圾食品,他们就会发胖,变得不健康。
【小题 6】what 作为宾语从句中的主语。
【小题 7】上下文串联,指我们所有人都是社会的一份子。
【小题 8】三个句子的并列,在最后两个之间加连词 and.

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七、信息匹配

13.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多途选 项。

It’s no secret that kids like fast food. 1 —so much that some companies have increased their marketing efforts in the past couple of years, says a report published last Monday by Yale University’s Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity.
2 . For example, it found that unhealthy foods take up children’s menus, 3 , only a dozen met the nutritional standards the researchers set for preschoolers, and 15 met the criteria for teenagers.
To achieve saturation(渗透)of advertising, fast food restaurants spent more than $ 4.2, billion on marketing and advertising last year, with $ 660 million on marketing specially to young people. At these rates, children and adolescents see more advertisements for fast food than for any other kind of food.
4 ,the report found that French fries are served with kids’ meals 86% of the time, and soft drinks at least 55% of the time.
US first lady Michelle Obama has called on the companies to limit their marketing campaigns directed at children. “As a mom, I know it is my responsibility, to raise my kids,” she said. “ 5 , what does it mean when so many parents are finding their best efforts ruined by too many advertisements aimed at our kids.”
A.And these kids have huge control over the flow of parents’ spending B.But we have to ask ourselves C.And fast food lies kids D.The study doesn’t show fast food companies in the best light
E.Though they might not have much money to spend
F.Out of 3,309 likely meal combinations
G.Despite advertisements that show healthy options
【答案】CDFGB
【解析】略

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八、书面表达

14. 第二节书面表达(满分 25 分)

假设你校举行题为“网吧的危害(Harmful Influence of Cyber Centers)”的征文活动。请根据下 图写一篇英语短文,描述图中的内容,并就其反映的现象发表评论和提出方案。
要点提示:
1.一位父亲在找儿子
2.街上满是网吧
3.儿子在网吧玩
4.描述网吧多的现状
5.网吧的危害(评论)
6.解决方案
注意:
1.词数:100 左右;
2.可适当增添细节,以使行文连贯;
3.文中不可使用真实姓名和学校名称;
4.参考词汇:网吧:cyber center。
【答案】
One possible version:
As we can see in the picture, a father is anxiously looking for his son addicted to online games.It seems that he has great trouble finding the boy because the street is full of cyber centers and he hardly knows in which one his son is enjoying games.
Nowadays, more and more cyber centers are being opened under cover of improving intelligence.In reality, these are places where large numbers of teenagers run into online chat or games and can rarely be pulled out.In my opinion, serious measures should be taken to reduce the number of cyber centers as well as to help teenagers develop some other hobbies which do them good.
【解析】略



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